Whenever there is an upcoming election, you need to consider how this affects the situation. There is an upcoming legislative election for the Palestinian people (wikipedia article), and there is an ongoing conflict between Hamas and Fatah.
So basically, the Gaza strip is now controlled by Hamas, and parts of the West bank is controlled by Fatah.
The conversation has an interesting article about this:
The deadly escalation of violence across Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, in which at least 40 people have been killed and hundreds injured, has demonstrated how the core fault-lines of the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians still run deep. But the dynamics of the violence also underscore internal divisions and crises of leadership on both sides.
For Israelis, this has manifested itself in four elections in two years that have so far failed to end in the formation of a stable government. The most recent election, held on March 23, is still mired in wrangling between various parties and factions. Coalition talks were frozen on Monday after violence exploded in Jerusalem and Gaza.
For Palestinians, meanwhile, the ongoing crisis of leadership has been encapsulated in Hamas commandeering the resistance, further sidelining Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah party and the Palestinian Authority, of which he is president.
Tensions between Fatah and Hamas have dominated Palestinian politics since 2006, when Hamas was victorious in the Palestinian Authority’s last parliamentary elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council, ending the era of Fatah’s dominance. After armed conflict between the two factions and the failure of an attempted unity government, the Palestinian leadership has been divided since 2007, with the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority governing the West Bank, and Hamas governing the Gaza Strip.
So, my view of this is linked to the ongoing situation. Both sides in the conflict are struggling internally, and then it is pretty “easy” to take things out through a vicious escalation path, to create the “united front” towards the external enemy. This is sad for all the people who are hurting as a result from this.
I hope that the violence calms down. In the long term, I actually think more outside help is required, and it should not be One Country taking the full leadership (like the US, for instance). I hope for peace in the middle east, but I am not optimistic that the violence cycle now will be short-lived.